The geology of the Parish dates from the Jurassic period, 145 to 170 million years ago. The soils are mostly based on the Pennard Sands series. These soils are really well suited for growing cider apples.
We have relatively mild winters and warm summers. We are also in a bit of a rain-shadow area. This is good for apples since there is less potential for apple-scab.
Old maps help us to gain insights to old landscapes. Map extracts, the first of which dates from 1777, help us to understand the scale and scope of orchards in the Parish. Maps also from 1820, 1840, 1903 and 1960 illustrate this.
Botanical illustration is the art of depicting the form, colour and details of plants, frequently in watercolours. Heather Briggs began working in orchards of the Parish 18 months ago. As a part of her studies in Edinburgh, she decided to focus on cider apples of the Parish.
From the mountain forests of Kazakstan via the Silk Route, the wild apples of Asia Minor and those of European origin have cross-bred. Our apples of today are the result of thousands of years of evolution, husbandry and human endeavour.
Lists of apples developed in the Parish 1895 – 1932, along with sections of some of the most important varieties for the world of cider. Classifications included.
As you move about the Parish you will see different sizes of cider apple trees. Over the past few years, especially, there has been a move to plant the new generation of apple trees. They are known as The Girls.