Apple Varieties 1895 – 1932.


From a number of nurseries, these are lists of cider apple varieties created in the Parish of Kingsbury Episcopi from 1895 to 1932.

Source : Liz Copas

Apples from the Parish

Long Ashton Research Station – Cider Apple Classification System.

In 1903, Professor B.T.P. Barker, the first director of the Long Ashton Research Station (LARS) in Bristol, England, established an analytical classification system for cider apples based on tannin and malic acid percentages in pressed juice. This system is divided into four categories, which are as above with Kingsbury examples.

Malic Acid : from Latin Malus meaning apple : the higher the content the more sour the apple.

Tannin : this affects the flavour & dryness in any cider.

Kingsbury Apple Sections & their Classifications

Black Dabinett : Bittersweet

Bittersweet cider apples are closest to their wild ancestors. Their juice retains some of the natural tannins and their taste is bitter, astringent and at first unpalatable. But it is these tannins that ferment to create ‘body’, ‘mouthfeel’ and the unique colour and flavours of real cider.
Burrow Hill Early : Bittersweet
Cap of Liberty : Bittersharp

Having a balanced juice with high levels of both tannin and acid, bittersharps are particularly suitable for single-varietal ciders. Along with bittersweets, these have historically been known as “spitters” because they are naturally unpalatable.
Chisel Jersey : Bittersweet
Coat Jersey : Bittersweet
Dabinett : Bittersweet
Kingston Black : Bittersharp
Lambrook Pippin : Bittersharp
Somerset Redstreak : Bittersweet
Stembridge Clusters : Sharp

The high acidity of sharps, like that from bittersharps, adds “bite” to the cider. Most cooking apples are also sharps and traditional cooking varieties were often used in cidermaking in eastern England.
Stembridge Jersey : Bittersweet
Taylor’s Sweet : Sweet

Sweets cider apples are defined by low acid and tannin levels in their juice. Most dessert apples also taste sweet, but true sweet apples make cider with more character .
Yeovil Sour : Sharp
Porter’s Prerfection Double : Bittersharp
Porter’s Prefection Single : Bittersharp